Although schools with an African-centered educational focus have existed for over 200 years, they have most often been independent institutions. Within the past few years, the idea of incorporating an African and African-American cultural orientation in public schools has been explored. This exploration has proceeded in a number of ways: in Baltimore, MD, African-centered education was instituted in selected classrooms within an otherwise traditional school. In Milwaukee, and in other cities such as Detroit, MI, and Washington, DC, African-centered programs have been implemented in selected schools.
About the Author
DIANE S. POLLARD is Professor of Educational Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.CHERYL S. AJIROTUTU is Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.