This book is written by a diverse cohort of American educators, including professors, teachers, and school administrators from pre-K to college levels. They come from disciplinary areas of child development, special education, English as a second language, counseling, technology, school administration, educational psychology, educational measurement and testing, as well as mathematics education. The chapters explore various topics, ranging from standardized testing, roles of central office, teacher evaluation, teacher professional development, gender differences, diversity, student engagement and parental involvement, student services provided at school, use of technology with teacher and students' perspectives of technology use, self-efficacy beliefs, to teacher's perspectives of play in early childhood settings. While the chapters reflect diverse conceptual and theoretical orientation, disciplinary focus, methodological emphasis, writing styles, and educational implications, they add together to present a more holistic picture of Chinese education across disciplinary areas. Taken together, these chapters reveal salient similarities and differences in theoretical underpinnings, pedagogical principles and classroom practices in China and in the United States. They also shed light on some of the larger conceptual/theoretical orientations between learning and learners in the two countries. They debunk some common misconceptions of education in the two countries as well. Since many chapters are written by American authors that reflect directly on their study abroad experiences in China, this allows fresh insight that helps to transform the view that these countries learning from one another would be a challenge into the realization that learning from one another is not only invaluable but also essential.